Cenk Gündogan, Peter Kietzmann, Martine S. Lenders, Hauke Petersen, Michael Frey, Thomas C. Schmidt, Felix Shzu-Juraschek, Matthias Wählisch,
The Impact of Networking Protocols on Massive M2M Communication in the Industrial IoT,
IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE, 2021.
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Abstract: Common use cases in the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) deploy massive amounts of sensors and actuators that communicate with each other or to a remote cloud. While they form too large and too volatile networks to run on ultra-reliable, time-synchronized low-latency channels, participants still require reliability and latency guaranties. We elaborate this for safety-critical use cases. This paper focuses on the effects of networking protocols for industrial communication services. It analyzes and compares the traditional Message Queuing Telemetry Transport for Sensor Networks (MQTT-SN) with the Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) as a current IETF recommendation, and also with emerging Information-centric Networking (ICN) approaches, which are ready for deployment. Our findings indicate a rather diverse picture with a large dependence on deployment: Publish-subscribe protocols are more versatile, whereas ICN protocols are more robust in multi-hop environments. MQTT-SN competitively claims resources on congested links, while CoAP politely coexists on the price of its performance.
Note: early access published
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